Ptosis is a medical condition that affects the functions of your upper eyelids. It occurs when the eyelids droop or hang over the eyes. In severe cases of ptosis, the upper eyelids completely obstruct your view. An optician can prescribe special eyeglasses made with attachments or props that raise the eyelids when you wear them.

Surgery is another option for mild to severe eye drooping. Here are things to understand about ptosis and its treatments:

What Are the Causes of Ptosis?

Ptosis is generally caused when something weakens, tears or injures the levator muscles of the eyes, which are found just above your eyeballs. The muscles allow you to open and close the upper eyelids when you blink to moisturize your eyes during the daytime. Levator muscles also help protect your eyeballs from airborne contaminants, such as dust, when you sleep at night.

A number of things cause the levator muscles to fail, including face and eye injuries. Health conditions that affect your body's nerves can also trigger ptosis. The nerve fibers inside your levator muscles stop communicating with your brain during nerve damage. As a result, your brain can't tell your levator muscles when to open and close. Instead, the upper eyelids relax over the eyeballs.

If your drooping eyelids interfere with your ability to see, it can be very dangerous when you drive on the road or operate equipment. Ptosis can also affect your everyday activities. You can have trouble reading books, magazines, and even the text on your cell phone.

An optician can prescribe the right treatments for your ptosis.

What Are Your Treatments for Ptosis?

Eyeglasses that feature props is one of the most common treatments for ptosis today. The optician attaches a rectangular-shaped prop to the upper portion of each eyeglass lens. When you put on the eyeglasses, the props gently lift up the skin over your eyelids. Although it can feel uncomfortable at first, you may find some relief with your drooping eyelids.

If the props don't help your drooping eyelids, your optician will refer you to an eye doctor for surgery. The eye doctor may shorten the levator muscles with a surgical tool, then suture the tissues back into place. Surgery is often the most successful way to treat ptosis.

If you have questions about your ptosis treatments, contact an optician today. Getting treatment now for your eye condition may help prevent severe eye drooping later. To learn more, contact a company like Brandon Cataract Center & Eye Clinic.